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Tourism in Pakistan: A Guide to the Provinces and Attractions

August 22, 2023

On the global stage since its inception on August 14, 1947, Pakistan covers an area of 796,095 square kilometers and is home to an estimated 163.8(p) million people. Balochistan, Sindh, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), and Gilgit-Baltistan are the four provinces that make up this federation.

Pakistan’s scenic beauty, flora and fauna, art and culture, adventure and sports, and above all, the hospitality of its people, are among the country’s key draws for visitors. Moenjodaro, the birthplace of the Indus Valley and Gandhara cultures, is located in modern-day Pakistan. The Himalayas, the Hindukush, and the Karakoram all converge in this region. Its location at the meeting point of ancient and modern cultures makes it an intriguing destination. Pakistan’s infrastructure and support system for the tourism industry is fairly advanced.


The province of Balochistan in Pakistan is the largest in terms of land size, measuring in at around 347,190 square kilometers. Contrasts abound in this area. Plains that span for hundreds of kilometers and high, rough mountains with names like Chiltan, Sulaiman, Sultan, etc. It has a rich history and the people are friendly and welcoming. From the Hub River in Karachi to Gwadar Bay on the Pakistan–Iran border lies more than 750 kilometers of Balochistan’s coastline. There are plenty of fish and other aquatic life in the vicinity. Now that travel to neighboring Iran is less of a hassle, Balochistan could become a popular tourist destination. The Gwadar Port, located in Balochistan, has the potential to become a major seaport and the economic center of the region. The province is already well-known for its apple production.


Sindh, a province in southern Pakistan, gets its name from Sindhu, an ancient Sanskrit word for the Indus River, which runs down the province’s usually dry basin and makes it fruitful. The total land area is 140,914 square kilometers.

Literature, music, and the arts have deep roots in Sindhi culture. Artists from Sindh are particularly skilled at ceramics, tiles, lacquerware, quilting, and carpeting. Ajrak, a local art form, and sussi, a women’s belted cotton material, are quite fashionable. Moenjodaro and Thatta, two ancient cities in Sindh, are part of a civilization that dates back at least 5,000 years.


Punjab, whose name translates to “land of five rivers” and “house of the granary,” is Pakistan’s largest and most populous province at 205,344 square kilometers in size. Punjab is a land that manages to be both deeply traditional and rapidly evolving.

Despite Punjab’s well-organized cities and wonderfully conceived residential colonies, the vast majority of its citizens are farmers and ranchers whose lives revolve around the changing of the seasons and a plethora of annual fairs, festivals, and celebrations. It is common practice in rural areas to construct homes out of mud, clay, and straw. They hold sacred the Harappa Civilization, the Mughal Empire, and a civilization that not even the passage of time could destroy. Spend some time in a rural area of Punjab to get a feel for the hospitality, hard work ethic, and artistry of the locals, all of which can be seen in their handmade ceramics and clothing.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Including the 27,220 square kilometers of Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the largest and most populous province in Pakistan. High mountains, lush river basins, and semi-arid deserts are all included in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which runs from the Pamir in the far north to Dera Ismail Khan on the banks of the Indus. Peshawar Valley, also known as the Vale of Peshawar, is located near the center of the region. The Kabul and Swat rivers help keep the rich alluvial soils here moist, making this one of Pakistan’s most fertile farming areas. Some of the best hiking and mountaineering in the world may be found in the northern highlands of Pakistan, particularly the Hindukush. Five river valleys—the Chitral, Dir, Swat, Indus, and Kaghan—run almost parallel to one another from north to south across the northern portion of the province. These valleys are mostly forested and fairly green because they are located on the northern fringe of the monsoon belt. The Khyber Pass is a symbol of pride for the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, which is also well-known for its metalwork.


Travelers from all over the world go to Pakistan because of the country’s varied landscapes and climates. The country’s historical significance, cultural richness, and religious diversity all add to its appeal as a tourist destination. Tourists that are interested in mountaineering and trekking flock to Gilgit-Baltistan for its proximity to the Himalayas, Hindukush, and Karakoram Ranges.

The natural splendor of Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan Province is unparalleled. The Himalayas, the Karakoram, and the Hindukush all meet there, creating one of the world’s most formidable mountain systems. The second-highest mountain in the world, K-2 (Mount Godwin Austin), is located here. Many mountaineers come from far and wide to attempt these. Heavenly valleys, the greatest glaciers outside of the polar regions, bubbling springs, azure lakes, and rivers can be found between these hills. Mountaineering, trekking, and even just strolling through the woods are all possible in this beautiful region.

Jammu and Kashmir, Azad

Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir was established in October 1947 after a portion of Jammu & Kashmir State was freed from Dogracum fadian control as a consequence of a freedom uprising led by the Muslim people. It is composed of eight districts—Neelum, Muzaffarabad, Bagh, Poonch, Sudhanoti Kotli, Mirpur, and Bhimber—and has an estimated population of 3,600,000.

The natural beauty of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is exceptional. Whether you’re looking for cold or tropical weather, you’ll find it there, along with snow-capped mountains, lush woods, winding rivers, furious foaming streams, Wheat-scented valleys, velvet green plateaus, and a variety of other natural wonders. Beautiful scenery awaits the discerning traveler in the valleys of Neelum, Jhelum, Leepa, Rawalakot, Banjosa, Samahni, and Baghser.

Azad Jammu and Kashwelcomeomes visitors fall throughout the state and Pakistan. However, people should remember to bring their identification documents. Visitors from other countries are welcome in Azad Kashmir, except for the sixteen kilometers immediately adjacent to the Line of Control (LoC). If you are a foreign national considering a trip to Azad Kashmir, you must first obtain a NOC from the AJK Home Department in Muzaffarabad.

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