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“Sacred Journey: Sikh Heritage in Pakistan”

November 11, 2023


The first of the ten Sikh Gurus and the founder of Sikhism, Baba Guru Nanak Dev Jee (1469–1539), was born in the Talwandi village. The current Nankana, Rai-bhoe Sayyid. His birth is joyous. W o r l d W i d e a’s C u r u N a n a k On Kartik Pooranmashi, Gurpurab The day of the full moon in October–November in Katak.

Situated 91 kilometers from Lahore in the Punjab province of Pakistan, Nankana Sahib is the capital and city of Nankana Sahib District.

Around Nankana Sahib’s main Janam Asthan gurdwara, there are roughly six other gurdwaras.The highly revered Gurdwara Janam Asthan, also known as Nankana Sahib, was constructed on the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, is said to have been born.

Location: Nankana-Sahib Punjab


Sikh temple Gurdwara Dera Sahib Jee is situated outside of Lahore’s Walled City and is a part of a group of monuments that also includes the Lahore Fort, the Samadhi of Ranji t Singh, the Hazuri Bagh quadrangle, Roshnai Gate, and the B a d s h a h i M o s q u e w h i c h commemorates the site of the death of Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, in 1606.

Location: Near Lahore Fort


In Lahore, Pakistan, there is a Gurdwara called Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das Jee. The fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das, is said to have been born and raised in this location; the gurdwara was constructed on top of this traditional belief. The Begum Shahi Mosque and Lahore Fort are both close to the gurdwara, which is situated in the Chuna mandi bazaar of the Walled City of Lahore.

Location: Chuna Mandi Bazar, Lahore – Punjab


Located in Kartarpur, Narowal District, Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Jee Kartarpur is also known as Kartarpur Sahib Jee. It is situated on the historical site where, following his missionary travels, Guru Nanak Jee settled and organized the Sikh commune.

The current gurdwara was constructed on the spot where Guru Nanak passed away on September 22, 1539.

Location: Kartarpur, Narowal – Punjab 


The Gurdwara Rori Sahib Jee is located in Eminabad, an ancient town 55 kilometers to the north of Lahore. Gurdwara Rorie Shahib Jee, Gurdwara Chakki Sahib Jee, and Gurdwara Khuhi Bhai Lalo Jee are three significant historical Sikh shrines located in this area. The holy shrine known as Gurdwara Rori Shahib Jee is the location where, legend has it, Guru Nanak stayed with Bhai Lalo following the town’s destruction. The Guru was forced to sit on a hard bed of pebbles in this location. On the same spot, the gurdwara is now located.

Location: Eminabad, Gujranwala – Punjab 


The location of Gurdwara Chakki Sahib Jee in Eminabad is where a sizable millstone chakkis was kept. It is mentioned in the Janamsakhis that thousands of his fellow countrymen were taken as prisoners along with Nanak Dev. Baba Jee and numerous other detainees were made to grind corn using manually operated millstones. His captors were shocked to see that while Guru Nanak was singing songs to the glory of one God, the millstone he was using was turning on its own.

Location: Eminabad, Gujranwala – Punjab


The location of Gudwara Sacha Sauda is in Sheikhupura, Punjab’s Farooqabad. When Guru Nanak was a young man, his father Mehta Kalu sent him to learn about business.

The young Nanank encountered some starving and foodless sadhus on the way to his destination. The future guru made the decision to feed the sadhus with a langar, or meal, using the twenty rupees that his father had given him. Mehta Kalu was furious when she went home empty-handed. 

However, young Nanak gave his father an explanation, and the father saw that he had done a great job of feeding the starving sadhus and making the maximum profit possible with the money. 

Built by Mahraja Ranjeet Singh in the style of a fortress, the magnificent and exquisite gurdwara is located on the spot where Guru Nanak Dev Jee fed the sadhus.

Location: Farooqabad, Sheikhupura – Punjab 


The Eastern Salt Range’s highest peak is Tilla Jogian. Situated at an elevation of 975 meters (3200 feet) above sea level, it is roughly 25 km west of Jhelum City and 10 km west of Khukha, the model village. 

The view is very satisfying when you reach the summit of Tilla. Dina, a town on the Grand Trunk Road that is growing quickly, is located about 7 km east of Tilla Jogian and is home to Rohtas Fort. It was created in the first century BCE by the Guru Goraknath, who also founded the Kanphatta (jogis with pierced ears) sect. It existed for a full two millennia before being abandoned in 1947 as a result of the largest transmigration in human history.

Due to its connection to Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion, who spent 40 days in meditation there in the early 1500s, the location is also significant in Sikhism. Afterwards, Maharaja Ranjit Singh built a small monument to mark the precise location where Baba Guru Nanak is rumored to have often meditated in addition to building a stone-lined pond to honor Guru Nanak Dev Jee’s visit. 


The Gurdwara Chowa Sahib Jee, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is close to Rohtas Fort. The holy site of Gurdwara Sri Chowa Sahib Jee is displaying its beauty outside the Rohtas Fort’s Kabuli Darwaza (gate). From Tilla Jogian, Jagat Guru Nanak Sahib Jee came to this place. It was a barren area at the time. With the help of his stick, Guru Nanak Jee created a water spring.

This location was given the name Chowa Sahib because of a spring of water by the same name. Subsequently, Sher Shah constructed an amazing fort, with the Gurdwara serving as the exterior Kabuli gate.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh ordered the construction of the current structure in 1834. 

With Ghan Nadi, a fort, big trees, and underbrush all around, the Gurdwara offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.


Khaldwara Famous gurdwara Panja Sahib Jee is situated close to Islamabad, Hasan Abdal.The handprint of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, is thought to be engraved on a boulder at the gurdawara, making the shrine especially significant.

The most renowned general of the Sikh Kingdom, Hari Singh Nalwa, gave this hallowed location the name Panja Sahib Jee. It is said that he constructed the first gurdwara here.

Sikh Festivals/Occasions 

  • Name of Festival / Place of Main Ceremony
  • Baisakhi Festival-Gurdwara Punja Sahib
  • Hassanabdal Martyrdom Day of Guru Arjun Dev Jee 
  • Lahore Death Anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh 
  • Lahore Birthday Celebrations of Guru Nanak Dev Jee 
  • Nankana Sahib

Other Famous Gurdwaras 

  • Gurdwara Laloo De Khooi (Gurdwara Khuhi Bhai Lalo Jee) Gujranwala 
  • Gurdwara Bhai Karam Singh Jee Jhelum 
  • Gurdwara Makhdoom Pur Pahoran (Tulamba sahib Jee) Tulamba, Multan 
  • Gurdwara Mata Sahib Kaur Jee Rohtas Fort, Jehlum 
  • Gurdwara Bair Sahib Jee (Baba Beri Jee or Baba Bair Jee) Sialkot 
  • Gurdwara Bhai Joga Singh Jee Peshawar 
  • Gurdwara Bhai Biba Singh Jee Pehawar


In conclusion, the rich tapestry of Sikh heritage and history is intricately woven into the landscape of present-day Pakistan. The birthplace of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Nankana Sahib, stands as a symbol of joyous beginnings and is home to the revered Gurdwara Janam Asthan. Lahore, with its historical significance, hosts Gurdwara Dera Sahib Jee, commemorating the site of Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s death. The Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das Jee in Lahore and Gurdwara Sacha Sauda in Sheikhupura further connect the Sikh community to the roots of their faith.

Kartarpur, with Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Jee, holds historical importance as the place where Guru Nanak Jee settled. Eminabad, with Gurdwara Rori Sahib Jee and Gurdwara Chakki Sahib Jee, preserves the legacy of Guru Nanak’s compassionate journey. Farooqabad houses Gurdwara Sacha Sauda, a testament to Guru Nanak’s philanthropic spirit. 

Tilla Jogian, the peak where Guru Nanak meditated, adds a spiritual dimension to the landscape, while Gurdwara Sri Chowa Sahib Jee near Rohtas Fort stands as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, showcasing Guru Nanak’s miraculous act. The journey concludes at Gurdwara Panja Sahib Jee near Islamabad, a site of immense significance with the handprint of Guru Nanak engraved on a boulder. These gurdwaras not only serve as places of worship but also as living monuments, preserving the legacy of Guru Nanak and the Sikh faith in the heart of Pakistan.

Questions and Answers

Q1: Where was Guru Nanak Dev Ji born?

Ans: Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in the Talwandi village, now known as Nankana Sahib, in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Q2: What is the significance of Nankana Sahib?

Ans: Nankana Sahib is the birthplace of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and is home to the highly revered Gurdwara Janam Asthan, commemorating the founder of Sikhism.

Q3: Which Gurdwara in Lahore marks the site of Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s death?

An: Gurdwara Dera Sahib Jee, located outside Lahore’s Walled City, commemorates the site of Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s death.

Q4: Where is Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das Jee located?

Ans: Gurdwara Janam Asthan Guru Ram Das Jee is situated in Lahore, Pakistan, in the Chuna Mandi Bazar of the Walled City.

Q5: What historical event is associated with Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Jee in Kartarpur?

Ans: Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Jee in Kartarpur marks the historical site where Guru Nanak Jee settled and organized the Sikh commune.

Q6: Where is Gurdwara Rori Sahib Jee located, and what is its significance?

Ans: Gurdwara Rori Sahib Jee is located in Eminabad, and it is believed to be the place where Guru Nanak stayed with Bhai Lalo after the town’s destruction.

Q7: What is the story behind Gurdwara Chakki Sahib Jee in Eminabad?

Ans: Gurdwara Chakki Sahib Jee is where Guru Nanak was forced to grind corn using manually operated millstones, and the millstone was said to turn on its own.

Q8: Where is Gurdwara Sacha Sauda located, and why is it significant?

Ans: Gurdwara Sacha Sauda is in Sheikhupura, and it commemorates the spot where Guru Nanak Dev Ji fed starving sadhus during his youth.

Q9: What is the significance of Tilla Jogian in Sikhism?

Ans: Tilla Jogian is the peak in the Eastern Salt Range where Guru Nanak spent 40 days in meditation during the early 1500s.

Q10: Where is Gurdwara Panja Sahib Jee located, and what makes it special?

Ans: Gurdwara Panja Sahib Jee is close to Islamabad, Hasan Abdal, and it is renowned for the handprint of Guru Nanak engraved on a boulder, making it a significant shrine in Sikhism.

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